The concept of mobility has been chosen by IRES because it encompasses the interdependent aspects of emigration, immigration and migration. Studies on mobility have focused on the Moroccan community living abroad, intra-African migration and migration between Africa and Europe. These studies have mobilized 24 associate researchers.
Mobility is a global phenomenon that has always marked the history of mankind. It was at the origin of the emergence of several civilizations that have succeeded to flourish thanks to ethnic and cultural mixing. For a long time, individuals who have left their countries of origin in search of better prospects for the future have transferred their culture, way of life and thought, and religious practices to the host countries.
At present, the debate on migration is controversial between those who continue to advocate the virtues of mobility as a source of growth and cultural development, and those who focus instead on the economic, social and security risks involved in this phenomenon. This debate calls for greater understanding, exchange, solidarity and consultation among all countries of the international community.
IRES’ interest in the migration issue goes back to 2012, when the Institute took over the strategic component of the programme of studies entitled "For an integrated national mobility strategy by 2030", conducted in partnership with the Ministry in charge of Moroccans Living Abroad and the Council of the Moroccan Community Abroad (CCME).
In 2018, the Institute completed a study to better understand intra-African migration, which generally focused on the continent, its regional economic communities and African Union Member States. The study was carried out at a time when the Kingdom of Morocco was mandated to coordinate the African Union’s action in this field and when Morocco hosted the International Conference on Migration in December 2018, during which the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration was adopted.
The study carried out an analysis of the root causes of migration, to which the Kingdom had called for solutions since the launch of the Rabat Process in 2006. Proposals have been formulated with a view to better managing the migration issue in Africa, along the lines of the roadmap submitted by Morocco to the African Union in Addis Ababa on 3 July 2017.
In addition, IRES chaired, during the 2017 and 2018 editions of the Crans Montana Forum in Dakhla, the session on intra-African migration and the one on African migration to Europe. The Institute also organized in early January 2018, just before the 30th African Union Summit, an international conference on "The migration issue in Africa: Stakes, challenges and response strategies". See the proceedings of the conference on the website.
In December 2018, IRES organized in partnership with the International Organization for Migration (IOM), during the Intergovernmental Conference for the adoption of the Global Compact on Migration, a side-event on "African Migration: What strategies are needed for migration governance?"